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    Knowledge Center

    Tile Glossary

    We realize that for an average person a remodel may seem overwhelming so we are offering this glossary of terms to help you better understand products advertised on our website.

    3D [tile]
    - There are tile mosaics that are created by using tile pieces that vary in thickness. The end result is a 3D effect. These are used for wall installations only.
    Aged [finish]
    - The stone is tumbled and then distressed.
    ANSI [standard]
    - ANSI is the American National Standard Institute. The American National Standards Institute is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. ANSI's guidelines are the primary source for tile professionals when it comes to installing tile.
    ASTM
    - Most manufacturers have a rating system that is based on or supported by the American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM). Many times you can find these ratings on the tile sample or in the product catalog. The most common system rates ceramic tile abrasion resistance or the overall durability of the tile. Other ratings might include: scratch resistance, moisture absorption, chemical resistance and breaking strength.
    Backer Board
    – Backer board is a thin layer of concrete that has fiberglass mesh on its sides and is used under the tile to provide a firm and even surface. Due to its composition, it performs well in areas prone to humidity, such as behind shower walls and under bathroom floors.
    Bark Finish [tile]
    – with today's technology tile finishes can be made to resemble just about any surface. Porcelain tiles sold with the bark finish generally have a surface that resembles tree bark. This is recommended for installations where slip resistance is important.
    Basalt [stone]
    - Basalt is a dense rock formed from volcanic lava, it is extremely hard wearing properties and richness of its appearance. Its texture can vary from granular to glass like, while its dark organic colors truthfully convey its tremendous strength.
    Battiscopa [tile]
    – a battiscopa is Italian for bullnose. Please see definition of Bullnose.
    Beak
    – A beak is a corner piece used along with quarter rounds (see definition of quarter round) to as a finishing trim for tile.
    Beveled
    - The surface of the stone is honed with the bevelling applied to the edges.
    Biocuttura
    - Ceramic tiles are fired in a kiln at temperatures around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. Biocuttura Tiles are first fired after the green tile is dried and then fired again after the glaze is applied. Also call Double Fired.
    Bisque
    - When you look at a glazed tile from the side you can see 2 layers. The body of the tile, or largest layer, is called the bisque. The top layer is called the glaze.
    Bowing
    - bowing is a common occurrence for tiles that are longer than 12 inches. You can tell if a tile has a bow if you place it on a horizontal flat surface such as a desk and look closely at the side of the tile that touches the top of the desk. If the middle of the tile appears higher than the sides, the tile has a bow. This is only a problem for staggered installations where the overlay is greater than 25%. For this reason the current ANSI standard is to not exceed 25% overlay when installing longer tiles.
    Brushed Finish
    - Tiles with a brushed finish have a worn-down look achieved by brushing the surface of the tile to simulate natural wear over time.
    Bullnose [tile]
    - a bullnose is trim tile that is used to provide a smooth, rounded edge for areas where the tile transitions to painted wall. Bullnoses are used to trim unfinished edges of wall tiles around showers, tub surrounds, backsplashes, and more. Bullnoses are also commonly used as floor baseboard as well as for tiling of steps.
    Bush Hammered
    – The surface of the stone is texturized with hammers to create a stone is then softened by light brushing.
    Caliber
    – caliber refers to the overall facial dimension and thickness of a tile. The caliber of a tile can vary from dye lot to dye lot. Caliber also comes into play when suing several different tile sizes in a pattern.
    Cap [tile]
    – cap is a generic term for a bullnose or a finishing trim tile.
    Capitello [tile]
    – capitello is Italian for Crown molding tile.
    CBU
    - Many ceramic tile installers have opted for the industry accepted and more efficient thin set method, where the tile is adhered directly onto a backer board that is nailed to a plywood or concrete substrate using a much thinner layer of mortar. This backer board is called a CBU, or cement backer unit, which provides a supportive and water resistant layer between the porous substrate and the mortar and tile applied on top of it.
    Ceramic [tile]
    – ceramic tile is made from a mixture of clays and other materials, then kiln-fired to approximately 1400 degrees. In general, both porcelain and ceramic tile are called ceramic tile thus when purchasing tile it is important to make the distinction between non-porcelain and porcelain tile. Magic Floors recommends porcelain tile for high traffic floors since ceramic tile is not as strong as porcelain. Ceramic tile is ideal for most wall applications.
    Chair Rail [tile]
    – a chair rail molding is a decorative finishing tile which can be used as edging for half walls in bathrooms or as a decorative border to separate the top and bottom tile on the wall.
    Chipped
    – The edges of the stone are chipped, the surface.
    Cleaner [tile]
    – often when tile with a glossy or polished surface is packaged for shipping from the factory to the distribution channels, the surface of the tile is covered with a waxy substance that cannot be easily removed with household cleaners. The wax is applied on purpose to prevent scratching and damage during transit. We recommend Deterdek® cleaner by Fila for this purpose.
    Crown Molding [tile]
    - Crown molding tile is a decorative tile that is installed along the line where the wall meets the ceiling.
    Cement Board
    - a cement board is typically used as a tile backing board. It is made from cement and reinforcing fibers which are formed into 4 by 8 foot sheets. Cement boards come in 1/4 to 1/2 inch thicknesses. Magic Floors recommends PermaBase® cement board by National Gypsum. The main advantage of PermaBase® over competition is that it is highly moisture resistant, and will not rot, disintegrate or swell when exposed to water.
    Coefficient of Friction or COF
    – Coefficient of friction is a measure of skid resistance used to determine the degree of slippage on a tiled surface. As a general rule the more textured a tile is, the less slippery it is.
    Color Body [tile]
    - Color body porcelain tiles are created with continuous colored stains from the glaze surface throughout the body of the tile.
    Corner Bullnose
    – A ceramic tile trim that has two rounded finished edges on the tile to be used to complete a corner.
    Ditra®
    - Schluter®-DITRA and DITRA-XL are specifically designed for ceramic and stone tile installations to prevent cracked tile and grout. Made of polyethylene, DITRA and DITRA-XL serve as a waterproofing layer that protects moisture-sensitive substrates, such as plywood/OSB. Free-space on the underside of the matting provides a route for excess moisture and vapor to prevent damage to the tile layer above.
    Distressed
    – The stone has a lightly pillowed effect with a smooth finish and worn ages.
    Double Bullnose
    - a double bullnose, also called a corner bullnose, has 2 finished edges and is designed for applications where a bullnose is required to finish off a corner.
    Dye Lot
    - A dye lot is a production run, most dye lots are a code with numbers and letters from the manufacturer that identify certain batches of tile.
    Epoxy Grout
    - Made from epoxy resins and a filler powder, the expoxy grout is extremely hard, durable, and nearly stain proof. Often times the bond between tiles is stronger than the tile itself. The drawbacks are that most installers find it harder to use than cementitious grout and the cost is considerably higher. Today in order to achievea similar stain proof effect there are alternatives to using the epoxy grout such as using Tec® Power Grout® or using a grout additive such as Grout Shield® or Grout Once®.
    Extruded [tile]
    - Extruded tiles are formed by forcing the clay material through a mold for the desired shape versus pressing the tile.
    Glazed [tile]
    - In terms of how they are manufactured, there is no difference between glazed and unglazed ceramic and porcelain tile, other than the fact that glazed tiles undergo an additional phase in the firing process. During this additional process, a layer of liquid glass is added to glazed tiles by means of very high temperatures.
    Glossy [finish]
    - glossy tiles are ideal for use on walls, as their beautiful silken finish will bounce light around the room. Their slippery nature makes them ideal for use on bathroom walls and kitchen backsplashes, as they are a breeze to wipe clean. Gloss tiles are also great for use around fireplaces since their easy-to-clean nature means that it is effortless to clean away soot and to keep them looking their best.
    Grade
    - Ceramic tile ratings are set up in a grading system of 1 to 5, based on the tile's toughness and durability. Grade 1: This is the weakest of all standard grade ceramic tiles. It's really only suitable as a wall tile. Grade 2: This is best for light traffic areas. Again, a great product for wall tiles, but it will also work in residential bathrooms, where foot traffic is minimal. Grade 3: Where ceramic tile ratings are concerned, grade three is most common in residential building, and perfect for light to moderate traffic. This makes it a very sensible choice for residential kitchens, countertops, residential flooring, and all areas that receive lighter wear and tear (i.e., grade 1 and 2 areas). Grade 4: This grade is a step up from grade 3 tile grades. It's still a good choice for residential uses, such as tile floors and countertops, but it can also take the heavier abuse of light commercial foot traffic, such as you'd find in a doctor's office. Grade 5: When it comes to standard grade ceramic tiles, grade 5 is built to take a beating. It's mostly used in high traffic commercial areas such as shopping malls and airports.
    Grout
    - Grout is a type of cement that is used to fill the space and provide support in tile joints. There are two types of grout commonly used in home installations; Portland cement based, and epoxy based. Both of these grout compounds may have sand added to provide additional strength to the tile joint. Pigment is added to the cement at the job site when the grout is mixed.
    Hammered [finish]
    – The stone is bush hammered and brushed, achieving an anti-slip surface.
    Hand Mold [tile]
    – Authentic handmold tile is hand-formed clay tile characterized by irregular edges, corners and surface variations.
    Hand Mold Look [tile]
    – Hand mold look tile is general production tile that is made to appear as if it was made by hand and is characterized by irregular edges, corners and surface variations.
    Honed [finish]
    - Honed finish refers to stone that has a smooth texture and finish that is achieved by grinding one side of the unfinished stone. Honed finish Travertine tile can be filled or unfilled. (You will notice the abbreviations H/F or H/UF used with honed Travertine to identify filled or unfilled.)
    Faschia [tile]
    - Faschia is a term commonly used for decorative tiles or borders made in Italy.
    Filled [natural stone]
    - Filled is a term used with honed travertine. Natural Travertine tile has naturally occurring pits. Some applications require that the pits be filled. You'll notice the abbreviations H/F or H/UF used with honed Travertine to identify filled or unfilled.
    Floor [tile]
    – Floor tile refers to tile that is suitable to be installed on floors. Floor tile can be used on walls however the reverse is not necessarily true.
    Field [tile]
    – Field tile is an industry term that includes both floor and wall tile and excludes trim and decorative pieces.
    Flashed [tile]
    – Flashed is a term used with Quarry tile. Some quarry tile is produced with a shade variation from tile to tile. This classic architectural look is known as flashing and is achieved through controlling the flow of oxygen and gases in the kiln.
    Full Body [porcelain tile]
    – Full body porcelain tile, also called through body porcelain (sometimes referred to as unglazed porcelain) tiles are produced using colored raw materials that permeate the entire tile, incorporating uninterrupted color and pattern features seen on the surface all the way through the tile body.
    Gauged [tile]
    - The terms gauged and ungauged have a specific relevance in regards to slate. Slate can be purchased either way and gauged is typically more expensive. Gauged has to do with the sameness of the pieces, and it particularly refers to the thickness. Ungauged slate can potentially vary in thickness from 1/8 inch to more than an inch from one side to another. Gauged vary as well, but typically stay in a variance less than 1/4 inch.
    Grout Shield®
    - Miracle Sealants Grout Shield® is a specialty sealer additive that mixes with cement-based grout instead of water to provide a stain resistant grout installation without any additional sealing. Perfect for interior and exterior use.
    Grout Once®
    - Grout Once® is a specialty sealer additive that mixes with cement-based grout instead of water to provide a stain resistant grout installation without any additional sealing. Perfect for interior and exterior use.
    Impervious Tiles
    - Tiles that have less than 0.5% moisture absorption. These tiles are frost proof and can be used in exterior areas or on the outside of building facades. You can use these cold climates.
    Inkjet Printing Technology
    - Latest method of manufacturing tiles that allow for diversified designs on tiles so that no two tiles look the same. In this way, natural stone tiles can be replicated realistically.
    Italian [tile]
    – Italian tile factories are the oldest and most experienced tile makers in the world. Italian tile is considered the best in the tile industry for its quality, durability, and design aspects.
    Indoor [tile]
    – Tile is classified as indoor tile due to its degree of water absorption as well as slip resistance. All tile can be used indoors however indoor tile cannot generally be used outdoors.
    Jolly®
    - Schluter®-JOLLY is a finishing and decorative edge-protection profile for the outside corners of tiled surfaces.The Jolly® profile is available in chrome-plated solid brass, color-coated aluminum, anodized aluminum, and PVC in a variety of thicknesses.
    Quadec®
    - Schluter®-QUADEC is a finishing and edge protection profile for tiled edges and outside corners of tiled surfaces, and is distinguished by its squared reveal surface. Designed to prevent tile edges from chipping and can be incorporated as an accent within tile fields on floors and walls.
    Kerdy®
    - Schluter®-KERDI is a pliable sheet-applied waterproofing membrane and vapor-retarder designed for the direct application of tile. KERDI is ideal for use in tiled showers, bathtub surrounds, residential steam showers, and other tile applications in wet areas.
    Kit
    – For the most part each tile size is sold separately so when a tile pattern requires several tile sizes, it is necessary to calculate the quantity needed of each size of tile then purchase the appropriate number of cartons of each tile size to satisfy the chosen pattern. Some tile is sold in kits where each carton of tile is sorted to include exactly the correct number of each tile size to create a pattern. The most common pattern sold in kits is called the Versailles pattern. Another name for a kit common to the industry is modular.
    Lappato
    – Lappato is Italian for Semi-Polished finish. Semi-polished, is achieved by polishing the tile's surface with an abrasive wheel but not long enough to attain the luster of a typical polished tile.
    Ledge Stone
    – Ledgestone, sometimes called Ledger Stone, is an all natural stacked stone used for siding,veneer and cladding. It is used in residential and commercial architectural construction for both exterior and interior applications. Thin Veneer is cut from real, all natural stone.
    Limestone
    – Formed by layers of marine organisms, deposited on the sea floor and compressed over millions of years to create a stone of intriguing texture and character.
    Listello [tile]
    - Listello is Italian for a decorative border. Listellos are generally rectangular in shape. Marble – Marble is the result of extreme heat and pressure applied to limestone, capturing many beautiful colours that range from Marshallsly cool to rich and warm. It can be highly polished, creating the lustrous illusion of depth.
    Mastic
    - Mastic is an organic glue adhesive for tile made from the sticky resin of the mastic tree. It's available as a thin-liquid, thick glue, or a sticky paste.
    Matita [tile]
    – Matita is Italian for decorative pencil trim.
    Matte [tile]
    - Matt tiles are smooth and flat and create a more informal and softer look. This is created by stopping short of the last stage of polishing. A matt finish shows fewer scratches, requires very little maintenance and provides better traction. Matte tiles are desired by anyone creating a traditional or rustic look within their home.
    Medallion [tile]
    – A medallion is a decorative item that is used as a focal centerpiece for walls or floors. Medallions are made from carefully crafted and intricately arranged patterns of stone and porcelain tile on a grand scale.
    Modular [pattern tile]
    - For the most part each tile size is sold separately so when a tile pattern requires several tile sizes, it is necessary to calculate the quantity needed of each size of tile then purchase the appropriate number of cartons of each tile size to satisfy the chosen pattern. Some tile is sold in kits where each carton of tile is sorted to include exactly the correct number of each tile size to create a pattern. The most common pattern sold in kits is called the Versailles pattern. Another name for a kit common to the industry is modular.
    Moisture Absorption
    - As the density of the tile increases, the amount of moisture that tile can absorb becomes less. Tile density means that, as the weight or the density of the tile increases, it becomes a stronger tile. Tile density and moisture absorption have an indirect relationship to each other. As the density of the tile increases the moisture absorption rate becomes less.
    Mold and Mildew Resistant [grout]
    – Grout has historically been subject to mold and mildew, not to mention staining. Magic Floors offers TEC Power Grout® which is designed to address these very issues. It is mold, mildew and stain resistant and never needs sealing.
    Monocuttura Tile
    - Ceramic tiles are fired in a kiln at temperatures around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. Tiles that are fired once after the glaze is applied are called Monocuttura Tile or single fired.
    Mosaic [tile]
    - Mosaic tile is created by assembling small pieces of colored glass, tile, stone, or other materials. It is a technique of decorative art or interior decoration. Combining pieces of varying sizes allows creation of desired patterns. Magic Floors offers a multitude of glass, porcelain and stone mosaics in square, brick, random, basket weave, pinwheel, as well as other patterns.
    Muretto [tile]
    – A muretto is a mosaic tile is created by assembling small rectangular strips or pieces of colored glass, tile, stone, or other materials. It is a technique of decorative art or interior decoration. Combining pieces of varying sizes allows creation of desired patterns.
    Natural [finish]
    – see Matte.
    Natural Stone [tile]
    - Natural Stone refers to a number of products quarried from the earth, used over many thousands of years as building materials and decorative enhancements. These products include Granite, Marble, Limestone, Travertine, Slate, Quartzite, Sandstone, Adoquin, Onyx, and others.
    Nominal size
    - Tile is usually referred to by its nominal size, not its actual size. During the firing process, ceramic tile will shrink, on average, by about 10% in size. For example a 12" by 12" floor tile will actually measure 11-7/8 inches square.
    Non-Vitreous [tile]
    – Non-vitreous tiles absorb 7% or more moisture and are suited for indoor use only.
    Outdoor [tile]
    - Outdoor areas should be paved with matte tiles due to their durability and slip resistance. Outdoor tile must be made from natural stone or a porcelain with a low rate of water absorbtion especially in cold climates. Popular styles for an outdoor tile are terracotta, travertine and limestone look.
    Pattern [tile]
    – Tiles of different sizes have traditionally been laid in set patterns. Some popular tile patterns include hopscotch and versailles.
    PEI Rating
    – see Grade
    Pencil [tile]
    – A pencil or as it is sometimes called pencil liner, is a decorative half-circular trim used to finish off a section of tile or to act as a separation between different type tiles.
    PILLOWED EDGE
    -The stone is honed and then its edges are gently and evenly rounded across the length and breadth of the stone. Across the length and breadth of the stone.
    Polymer Modified [thinset]
    – Proper adhesion for a thinset is all about water retention for as long as possible. A polymer modified thinset (as opposed to unmodified thinset) retains water for a more durable end result, as well as adding flexibility and bonding power.
    Polished [tile]
    - Polished finish is achieved by polishing the tile's surface with an abrasive wheel long enough to attain luster, thus creating a shine without a glaze.
    Pool Tile
    - Like tiles for your kitchen and bathroom, swimming pool tiles are available in a virtually unlimited range of styles, colors, shapes, and types of swimming pool tiles. The most popular options for swimming pool tile are porcelain tile, porcelain tile mosaic, and glass tile and mosaic. These are popular for their durability and low maintenance. Brick and natural stone are also used for swimming pools however since both are porous they require sealing every few years so that the water does not penetrate and damage them.
    Porcelain [tile]
    - Porcelain tile is made up of 50% feldspar and is fired at a much higher temperature than regular ceramic tile. This makes porcelain tile much harder and more dense than other tile products. Because of its highly durable make-up, porcelain is more resistant to scratches and can withstand temperature extremes. Also, because porcelain is non-porous, it's very stain resistant, has very low water absorption ratings (Less than 0.5%) and thus can be used for interior and exterior applications as well as heavy-use and commercial areas. Porcelain tiles are ideal for use in bathrooms and kitchens, because they are particularly well suited to handle the moist, often humid, conditions present there. The very low rate of water absorption helps to resist damage, as well as the growth of mold and mildew. Porcelain tiles are even more resistant than natural stones – and they are easier to care for and maintain.
    Power Grout®
    - TEC® Power Grout® a highly stain resistant grout that provides strong, color consistent joints by resisting efflorescence, cracking and shrinking. Power Grout® is designed for virtually any environment, including high traffic and wet conditions, and in residential and commercial tile grout applications. Power Grout® is a true breakthrough in grout technology.
    Profile [edging tile]
    – When using ceramic or porcelain tile rather than natural stone the edge of the tile needs to be finished with trim. This can be handled with a bullnose tile or a profile edge tile. Magic Floors offers the full line of Schluter ® profiles such as Jolly®, Rondec®, Quadec®, and Schiene®.
    Quarry [tile]
    – Quarry tile production has its roots in the brick making industry and uses raw material similar to that used in the manufacture of brick products. They are suitable for the most demanding installations and are often the tile of choice for areas such as commercial kitchens. Quarry tiles are made from a mixture of natural ingredients including clays, shales and feldspar. These tiles are slip resistant and are an excellent choice for areas subject to heavy spills and moisture. They also perform well in outdoor applications - even in extreme climates.
    Quarter Round [tile]
    - Also called a bead, this curved trim piece is used to finish the edges of tile installed on a mortar bed. It looks like a quarter of a round. The corner piece is called a beak.
    Quartzite
    - Formed by water travelling through limestone and emerging as hot springs, then cooling rapidly. The minerals it collects on its journey are captured as rich and creamy colours, frequently complemented by tiny shell patterns.
    Rectified [tile]
    - Unlike a typical factory-edged tile, a rectified tile has been cut to exact size after the firing process. This process creates a precise edge and, as a result, can be laid with a narrower grout joint than unrectified tiles. This gives a smoother, more sophisticated and continuous look to the room overall.
    Red body [ceramic tile]
    – Red body tile refers to ceramic tile which is made of clay and is fired in a kiln and then a glaze is put on top. This is where any color or pattern is added to the tile. These tiles can be used on both walls and floors. They are not as strong as porcelain, and as a result are easier to cut.
    Rondec®
    - Schluter ®-RONDEC is a finishing and edge-protection profile for tiled edges and outside corners of tiled surfaces. The reveal of the profile forms a symmetrically rounded corner along the surface edge. Prevents tile edges from chipping.
    Sill
    – A sill is a slab of stone at the foot of a window or doorway.
    Sandstone
    – Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formation of coarse sand quartz and cementing materials such as clay. Sandstone is often distinguishable by region and colour variations including grey, yellow, red and white.
    Spain [tile]
    – Spanish tile manufacturers are world renowned and in the industry are known to be second only to Italian manufacturers. Spain manufactures a wide variety of floor, wall and decorative tiles. Magic Floors Inc. carries a wide variety of Spanish wall and floor tile collections designed for bathrooms at super low prices.
    Sanded Grout
    - There are two types of grout commonly used in home installations; Portland cement based, and epoxy based. Both of these grout compounds may have sand added to provide additional strength to the tile joint. Sanded grout is recommended for tile joints 1/8th of an inch and larger.
    Sanitary Cove Base
    - A ceramic floor tile trim that has a rounded finished top like a bullnose to cover up the body of the tile.
    Schiene
    - Schluter®-SCHIENE is a finishing and decorative edge-protection profile for the outside corners of tiled surfaces. Schiene is available in solid brass, aluminum, and stainless steel.
    Sealer [tile and stone]
    - A sealer is a liquid coat applied to the porous surface of the tile or grout, to protect them from oxidation, natural deterioration and day-to-day wear. Typically speaking, sealers are used to protect unglazed tiles and grouts from absorbing stains.
    Semi-Polished [tile]
    - Semi-polished finish is achieved by polishing the tile's surface with an abrasive wheel but not long enough to attain the luster of a typical polished tile.
    Semi-Vitreous Tiles
    - Tiles that absorb from 3% to 7% moisture. They are applicable for indoor use only. Shade Variation - Shade variation is inherent in all fired ceramic products and certain tiles will show greater variation within their dye lots. Shade variation is usually listed on the back label of each sample with a low, moderate, high or random rating. Low: consistent shade and texture. Moderate: moderate shade and texture variation. High: high shade and texture variation. Random: very high shade and texture variation.
    Slate
    – Formed by water travelling through limestone and emerging as hot springs, then cooling rapidly. The minerals it collects on its journey are captured as rich and creamy colours, frequently complemented by tiny shell patterns.
    Slim Tiles
    - Unlike regular tiles which are commonly 9-11mm thick, slim tiles are only 4-5mm thick, but have comparable strength. This makes them ideal for renovations as they can be laid on top of existing tiles, saving on demolition costs. Slip Resistance – Slip resistance in tile is measured by the Coefficient of Friction. See Coefficient of Friction.
    Sparkle Grout
    – A special grout has been formulated especially for those that love shiny glass tiles. This grout sparkles and perfectly complements glass tile installations. This patented, reflective, water based, urethane grout called Dimension® RapidCure™ by Bostik contains micro-glass beads and a translucent, urethane binder that both reflects light as well as allows it to pass through.
    Stain Resistant [grout]
    – see Power Grout®.
    Substrate
    - The process for installing a ceramic floor begins with the preparation of the tile foundation, or what's called the substrate. Common materials used as tile substrates in home installations include concrete, plywood, and drywall.
    Thickset/Mud Set
    - In the past, ceramic tile was installed using what is called the thickset or mud set method. In this method, a thick layer of mortar was applied to a waterproofed and steel reinforced substrate. This provided a strong, flat base onto which the tile was installed. The thickset method is effective, but it's an involved and labor-intensive process.
    Thinset
    - Today, many tile installers have opted for the industry accepted and more efficient thinset method, where the tile is adhered directly onto a backer board that is nailed to a plywood or concrete substrate using a much thinner layer of mortar.
    Through Body [porcelain tile]
    – Through body porcelain (sometimes referred to as unglazed porcelain) tiles are produced using colored raw materials that permeate the entire tile, incorporating uninterrupted color and pattern features seen on the surface all the way through the tile body.
    Tile Density
    - Tile density means that, as the weight or the density of the tile increases, it becomes a stronger tile. Moisture absorption means that, as the density of the tile increases, the amount of moisture that tile can absorb becomes less. Tile density and moisture absorption have an indirect relationship to each other. What this means is that as the density of the tile increases the moisture absorption rate becomes less. Tile density and moisture absorption is important for you to understand when selecting tile for different applications.
    Tozetto [tile]
    – Tozetto is Italian for decorative accent or insert.
    Threshold
    - A threshold is a transition edge between two types of flooring. Thresholds are usually installed in doorways, such as in a bathroom doorway where the flooring changes from tile to wood or carpet. They can come in a number of different materials and profiles.
    Travertine
    – Formed by water travelling through limestone and emerging as hot springs, then cooling rapidly. The minerals it collects on its journey are captured as rich and creamy colours, frequently complemented by tiny shell patterns.
    Tumbled [edge tile]
    – Tumbled edge is created by a process where many pieces of stone that have been cut to the same size are placed in a rubber coated or plastic barrel with an abrasive grit and water. The items are packed in such a way that the pieces rub against each other with the grit between them. The result is a somewhat rounded irregular edge.
    Undulated [tile]
    – A tile with an undulated surface appears with slight uneven bumps. With glossy undulated tile this creates a beautiful light play. Undulated wall tiles have become very popular in bathroom projects. Magic Floors best selling undulated wall tile is Gabriella Casa Vogue.
    Unglazed [tile]
    - Unglazed tiles tend to be denser and thicker than glazed tiles, and because of their unfinished exteriors, they tend to be a great choice if you're looking for a slip resistant surface in an area like a laundry room or kitchen where the tile is likely to be subjected to high amounts of moisture. In terms of safety, this is a big consideration. For areas with heavy foot traffic, as well as outdoor applications (in milder climates), unglazed tiles are a very good choice. Along with safety benefits, unglazed ceramic and porcelain tiles are sought after because of their scratch resistance and natural beauty. Since they're colored by the mineral deposits from where the clay was originally taken, these tiles offer an earthy aesthetic quality.
    Unsanded Grout
    - There are two types of grout commonly used in home installations; Portland cement based, and epoxy based. Both of these grout compounds may have sand added to provide additional strength to the tile joint. Unsanded grout is typically used in joints that are smaller than 1/8th of an inch.
    Wall [tile]
    – Tile that is designated as wall tile should only be used on walls as they are not designed to withstand floor traffic.
    White body [ceramic tile]
    - White Body refers to a tile that has been glazed and double fired, with a porous white biscuit (body) shaped by pressing. This material is ideal for subtle color decoration. It is predominately used as an interior wall tile or for bathroom floors.
    Wonder Board®
    - Wonder Board® is a popular fiberglass mesh-reinforced cement backerboard for residential and commercial tile, stone, slate and thin-brick applications. With its high-flexural strength and with moisture resistance, WonderBoard® ideal for both interior and exterior substrate applications.
    Vitreous Tiles
    - Tiles that absorb less that 3% moisture. They are referred to as frost resistant tiles but cannot be used in exterior areas where freeze- thaw conditions could cause tile cracking.
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